How Electronic Air Cleaners Work
The air is actually filtered without a filter when you use an electronic air cleaner. The impurities in the air are attracted to a grid type depository. These types of air cleaners should be sanitized often even if just with water. There are all kinds of systems: one for just one small confined space like a bedroom a time or for a complete domain (home) where a system that keeps all the rooms clean.
When the air goes through the machine it is charged with an electrical charge. When this air is given an electrical charge it also charges the impurities in the air. This is when the charged particles are now attracted to the different (opposite) charged collection grid, it kind of acts like a magnet for the particles. As the air passes through the machine, it is given an electrical charge.
This also charges the impurities in the air. The charged particles are then attracted to an oppositely charged collection grid, which acts as a magnet for the particles. Some have no collector in the system, but to work properly, the collection grid must be kept clean. A damp cloth should be used to clean the collector. Some homes are dusty in certain regions and people have pets so the grid will need to be cleaned more often. If it isn’t kept clean, the grid will stop attracting the particles and won’t clean the air in your home.
The amount of impurities on the collector grid can be reduced if there is a separate pre filter on the machine. Pre filter remove the large particles. The electronic air cleaner should help to reduce the amount of particles attached to the collector grid and reduce the number of times and frequency that it needs to e cleaned. You will have the added expense of purchasing replacement filters.
Types of Electronic Air Cleaners
Whole House Air Cleaners
you can have a whole house air cleaner installed on a whole house air cleaner. A HVAC contractor will need to be hired to install the air cleaner. These whole house systems help clean the air in every room of your home. A large collection grid attracts the impurities in your home. You will need to clean the grid frequently to keep it working properly.
Portable units are sold online or in home appliance stores. These are intended to be used in one area of the home at a time. You can purchase more than one, or move the unit from room to room throughout the day. Products are labeled according to the square footage they cover. Make sure the one you are using is sufficient for the area where it is being used. One that is too small won’t be effective. On the other hand, if it’s too large, you will have a high level of ozone in your house.
Negative Ion Generators
Negative ion generators have no collection grid. The walls, furniture and other surfaces of your home become the collection grid. You will notice a film on your furnishings and may see soot like film on the walls. This will need to be cleaned away by dusting or vacuuming.
Safe Use of Electronic Air Cleaners
this type of air cleaner has come under fire recently, due to the ozone that is produced as a byproduct of the electrostatic process. Ozone is considered a pollutant and high levels of ozone in the air in your home can be an irritant. It is particularly a problem for people who suffer from asthma or other respiratory or lung disorders.
To reduce the risk associated with ozone, consider running the air cleaner when the room is not in use. For example, run the system in your bedroom in the early evening. Turn it off about an hour or so before you plan to go to sleep. Run the machine in the kitchen or other living areas at night and turn it off first thing in the morning. This will allow the ozone in the air to dissipate before you enter the room.
If your system has a high and low setting, run it on the low setting. If odor is a problem, run it on high when the room is empty and air out the room before you enter it. When the room is occupied, use only the low setting. A separate heap filtration system can help remove some of the excess ozone in the air.